Diabetes is a metabolic diseases characterized by high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. The common symptoms include frequent urination, increased thirst and increased hunger. The cause of Diabetes is either the pancreas is not producing enough insulin or the cells of the body are not responding properly to the insulin produced.
type 1 – or so called “insulin dependant diabetes” or “juvenile diabetes” – this is caused by the pancreas not working properly and not producing enough insulin
type 2 – this type can start with an insulin resistance, meaning that the cells fail to respond to insulin. In time, a lack of insulin may appear. This type is caused mainly by excessive body weight and not enough exercise.
The main goal of any Diabetes treatment is to control the blood sugar levels and to minimize the risk of diabetes-related complications. This may be achieved by using insulin replacement therapies, dietary modifications and exercise as well as oral hypoglycemic medicines.