Multiple Sclerosis is a demyelinating disease in which the insulating covers of nerve cells in the brain and spine is damaged, therefore the communication between different parts of nervous system is disrupted. This means that different parts of the nervous system cannot communicate and a range of signs and symptoms can occur: double vision, blindness in one eye, muscle weakness, trouble with sensations and coordination.
MS can be classified according to the occurrence of symptoms. If the symptoms are occurring in isolated attacks the specialists are talking about relapsing forms of MS and if the symptoms are building up over time, they are talking about progressive forms of MS. IN between the attacks, the symptoms may disappear completely but the neurological problems remain.
There is no known cure for MS. Treatments are aiming to improve function after the attacks and prevent new ones from happening.
The main focus of Stem cell therapy in cases of MS is to stop one’s immune system to attack the nervous system. This way, the neurological symptoms regress.