Arthritis is a form of joint disorder that involves inflammation in one or more joints. The most common form of Arthritis is Osteoarthritis – a result of trauma or infection of the joint, or age. The biggest problems for patients that have arthritis are joint pain, which can be constant and located to the joint affected.
Most patients with Osteoarthritis have the symptoms near the ends of fingers, base of the thumb, neck, lower back, knee and hips. In Osteoarthritis cases, the cartilage is lost and the underline bone is affected. Pain makes it difficult to exercise and muscle loss can appear.
The usual treatment involves pain medication, exercise, decreasing joint stress and weight loss in those patients that are overweight. When the pain interferes with normal life, despite of other treatments, the joint replacement surgery may apply, but an artificial joint only lasts a limited amount of time.
Stem cells can duplicate and differentiate into cartilage cells
Stem cells can enhance the natural repair process of injured tendons, ligaments and joints