Parkinson’s is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system mainly affecting the motor system. It can be Primary Parkinson’s with no known cause, or Secondary Parkinson’s due to known causes like toxins.
The most common symptoms include shaking, rigidity, slowness of movement and difficulty with walking and gait. Later in development of the disease, thinking and behavioral problems may appear, sensory, sleep and emotional problems can occur also. Treatments using the antiparkinson medications aim to improve the early stages of the disease but as the condition progresses, neurons continue to be lost and these medications become ineffective.
The innovation behind the stem cell therapy in Parkinson’s cases is due to the capacity of stem cells to replace the damaged brain cells that produce the dopamine and also their ability to improve the immune system.