What Should We Know about Stem CellsNowadays, stem cell therapy is a topic that interests an increasing number of patients from all over the world. Stem cells are biological cells found in all multi-cellular organisms that can divide by mitosis, differentiate into various specialized cell types and auto-regenerate in order to produce more stem cells. In mammals (including humans), there are two main types of stem cells: embryonic and adults.

In adult organisms, stem and progenitor cells act as a repair system for the body, replacing damaged adult tissues. In a developing embryo, stem cells can differentiate into all the specialized cells (ectoderm, endoderm and mesoderm), but also maintain the normal turnover of regenerative organs, such as blood, skin or intestines.


Adult stem cells are used routinely in stem cell therapy, for example for bone marrow transplantation. Nowadays, stem cells can be inflated and differentiated into cells with various characteristics or specialized tissues through cell culture.

The main properties of stem cells are:

  • self-regeneration: the ability to undergo numerous cycles of cell division while maintaining their undifferentiated status
  • potency: the ability to differentiate into specialized cell types; totipotent or pluripotent cells are those that can give rise to any mature cell types.

There are two mechanisms to ensure the maintenance of a population of stem cells:

  • binding asymmetric replication: a stem cell divides into a single cell, the parent cell, that is identical to the original stem cell, as well as another daughter cell that is differentiated
  • stochastic differentiation: When a stem cell divides into two differentiated daughter cells, another stem cell undergoes mitosis and produce two identical, original stem cells.

If you’re decided to find out more about stem cell therapy worldwide, it’s recommended to get in touch with a trustworthy medical tourism company, such as PlacidWay.com, which can help you choose the best option.

[article image=”https://www.globalstemcelltherapy.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/stem-cell-treatments.jpg” published=”10-17-2016″ modified=”12-05-2016″]Nowadays, stem cell therapy is a topic that interests an increasing number of patients from all over the world. Stem cells are biological cells found in all multi-cellular organisms that can divide by mitosis, differentiate into various specialized cell types and auto-regenerate in order to produce more stem cells. In mammals (including humans), there are two main types of stem cells: embryonic and adults.[/article]

AUTHOR: Global Stem Cell
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